11 Disease Epidemics in History

The calculation says the Corona is the 12th epidemic, Let’s know about the remaining 11 disease epidemics in history.

The worst case scenario for infectious diseases is when an epidemic occurs. Currently, the new coronavirus has been declared a global pandemic. The history of such infectious diseases has a long history. In ancient times, when humans depended on prey for survival, infectious diseases existed.

10 Thousands of years ago, when people were thriving in agro-based economies, the idea of creating groups or communities was further strengthened on that time. And from that time onwards the infectious disease started to become epidemic. Various diseases like malaria, tuberculosis, leprosy, influenza, pox have taken pandemic at different times. As human civilization has improved, the prevalence of epidemics has increased. 

Because cities, villages have slowly built up, population density has increased. In addition, communication and trade between different regions has increased. As a result, the risk of spread of disease is also created. We are going to see today the disease epidemics in history.

So let's know the story of some terrible pestilence that taken million of lives and changed history.

1. 430 BC: Athens

During the Peloponnesian War, about 430 BC, a disease spreads out epidemicly. In present-day Libya, Ethiopia, and Egypt, it spread to Athens, the capital of Greece. The disease causes about two-thirds of the total population of the region. The main symptoms of the disease were fever, severe itching, throat and tongue bleeding, skin reddening and wounds. Supposedly, it was typhoid fever. It is said that the Athenians lost the battle to the Spartans because of such an epidemic.

2. 541 AD: Justinian plague

The disease first spread to Egypt in the form of epidemics. The epidemic spread from there to Palestine and the Byzantine Empire. Later this plague raged throughout the Mediterranean. Emperor Justinian was planning to unite the Byzantines with the Roman Empire at that time. All plan demolished due to the epidemic. So the economic crisis began. The disease took pandemic at different times over the next two centuries. About 50 million people died. As of then, it was 27 percent of the world’s population. The main carriers of this plague were rats. The disease is spread mainly from one region to region through human movement.

3. Eleventh Century: Leprosy

Leprosy was already in existence. But in the Middle Ages, the disease was pandemic in Europe. Leprosy is a bacterial disease. Until the discovery of antibiotics, leprosy was a deadly disease. Even now, millions of people suffer from leprosy every year. But the use of antibiotics can no longer kill people with this disease.

4. The Black Death (1350): disease epidemics in history

The epidemic disease killed about one-third of the world’s population at that time. The name of this disease is bubonic plague. A certain bacterium is responsible for the disease. The epidemic, known as The Black Death, first spread to Asia. Later it spreads to the west. At one time the whole of Europe was affected by this infectious disease. The casualties in the affected area increased so much that the dead bodies of the people were lying on the road. These decomposed bodies made another crisis. Only at that time England and France stop the war because of this epidemic. So the British feudal system had collapsed due to huge changes in the demographics and finalcial.

5. The Great Plague of London (1665):

It was also the bubonic plague. It killed 20 percent of London’s population. Dogs and cats were initially thought of as a source of disease. In the horror of the disease, the city’s dogs and cats were killed indiscriminately. The plague spread to the London port area.

6. First Cholera Epidemic (1817):

The first epidemic of cholera found in Russia. About 1 million people died there. The disease spreads to British troops through contaminated water. Later it spread to India, killing more than 1000,000 people. Cholera is also pandemic in British colonies. Cholera is also spread in Spain, Africa, Indonesia, China, Japan, Italy, Germany and the United States. And about 1.5 lakh people die in these areas. As a result, 2 to 2.3 million people die. Last but not least, for the next one and a half hundred years, cholera appeared at various points in the epidemic. Disease epidemics in history. 

7. Third plague epidemic (1855):

It originated from China. And later it spread to India and Hong Kong. About 10.5 million people were affected by the epidemic. The epidemic took the most deadly form in India. Historians say the British rulers took oppressive measures in India as an occasion and suppressed the rebellion.

8. Russian flu (1889):

It was the first epidemic caused by the flu. It originated in Siberia and Kazakhstan. And later it spread to Finland and Poland through Moscow. At one time, epidemics also occurred in Europe. The flu was spread across North America and Africa as well. By the end of the 1890 year, about 30.6 milion of people died for this disease.

9. Spanish flu (1918): disease epidemics in history

The epidemic kills about 500 million people worldwide. It is believed that the origin of the Spanish flu was in China. Through Chinese workers, it spread through Canada to Europe. The flu occurred in North America at the beginning of the year and then spread to Europe. After the epidemic spread in Madrid, Spain, it was called ‘Spanish flu’. The incidence of the disease declined in the summer of 1919. The Spanish flu was extremely lethal as sulfa drugs and penicillin were not yet discovered. So a total of 80 million people in Spain are infected with the flu. Worldwide, the number of victims was 5000 million.

10. Asian flu (1957):

The disease spread from Hong Kong to China. Within six months it spread widely through the United States to the United Kingdom. Because of this, about 14,000 people died. Early in the year 1958, the Asian flu spread for the second time in the form of epidemic. At that time, about 1100,000 people died of Asian flu worldwide. In the United States alone, 116,000 people died. The vaccine could later prevent the epidemic.

11. HIV / AIDS (1981):

It is possible to identify AIDS for the first time in 1981. The HIV virus destroys the immune system in the human body. Experts believe that the virus originated in West Africa around in 1920. AIDS has so far died more than 350 million people worldwide since the disease was diagnosed.

12. Novel Corona Virus (2019):

The disease first spread to Wuhan province in China at the end of the 2019. And the whole world is now suffering from this disease. The terror of the virus has spread across the world. So far 8,000 people have been died in the world. It was said a few days ago that the virus was created artificially. However, be careful and stay at home to prevent coronavirus. Read more at WHO

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