Space Shuttle Challenger Disaster

Aerospace research companies have taken several adventurous plans in the long course of space exploration. Despite many successes in other areas of the study, scientists have repeatedly faced complex situations in space exploration. There has been a flurry of discussions and criticism around India since the recently discussed chandrayan failed. But this is not the first time that such a failed expedition into the moon or space. History shows that the success of space missions is less than failure. The ultimate success comes in the way of failure. Some of the events of the failed space mission and Space Shuttle Challenger Disaster we are going to see today.

Space Shuttle disaster of India
(Chandrayan 2)

Indian Space Research Company ISRO is India’s premier space research company. Astronomical differences in the budget of ISRO with other contemporary space research organizations. But despite such a low budget, their success is enviable for everyone. Recently, they launched their second project, Chandrayaan 2. Earlier, India made its first impression on the moon through the Chandrayaan 1 project. But the dream of Chandrayaan 2’s mission failed to meet its original goal.

Chandrayaan Vikram has lost contact with the space research company ISRO after approaching the moon. The much awaited Chandrayaan 2 was launched on last July 22. Millions of Indians enjoy the scenes of the launch of Chandrayaan 2 on television. It is being described as a failure of the country’s space mission after it lost contact with the spacecraft at the last moment of its arrival at the moon at 2.1 km. But, scientists say that the failure of contact with Vikram, who landed on Chandrayan-2 shortly before landing on the moon, does not mean that the entire expedition failed. 

Former chief and astronomer of the Birla Planetarium in Kolkata Dr. BP Duwari told the media that Chandrayaan 2, which rotates the moon, is still rotating around the moon. While flying this vehicle will be able to tell once again what happened to Vikram’s fate. He further said, “at this moment no one can tell what the state of Vikram is, or what has happened. Because there was no wireless communication with him. The vehicle may have been damaged. The on-board equipment that he has, the computer, and the appendices may not work properly because they couldn’t connect anymore. Meanwhile, ISRO scientists have begun analyzing to find out why Vikram isn’t in contact. (Space Shuttle Challenger Disaster of all time)

What Happened then

The head of ISRO K. Sivan said the data that was found during Vikram’s flying are now analyzing. The spacecraft Chandrayaan 2 has three parts. An Orbiter, Landing Vikram and Progyan. The Progyan is a six-wheeled robot. The aim was to land at the southern pole of the moon. Earlier, India sent a rocket called Chandrayaan-1 that detected the existence of water particles at the moon’s south part. Indian scientists were hoping Chandrayaan-2 would take that discovery a step further.

The south part of the moon is hiding from the sun, where temperatures are low, and scientists are more likely to find water there. But with the loss of communication, the possibility was almost gone. Earlier, Chandrayaan-2 entered the orbit of the moon on August 20 last. Last Saturday, it started landing at around 35 km in Indian time at 1:00 am. At this time exciting were erupting throughout India. The Indian Space Research Company has achieved many successes in its history. It is one of the world’s leading space research companies. A few days ago, they built a world record by sending the highest number of satellites from a rocket.

History of Chandrayan 1

India made its first impression on the moon through the Chandrayan-1 project in 2008. But the dream of Chandrayaan 2’s mission failed to meet its original goal. Chandrayaan Vikram has lost contact with the space research company ISRO after approaching the moon. So this is also Space Shuttle Challenger Disaster.

On February 15, 2017, the PSLV-C37 rocket launched by ISRO once took 104 satellites together in space. Then this year, after successful completion of “2018”, ISRO started a new mission with Chandrayaan-2. Millions of Indians were enjoying the success of Chandrayaan 2. Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi was present on the glass wall of ISRO’s control room. But at the last moment, at a height of 2.1 km, the radio’s connection with the spacecraft was intercepted by the spacecraft. The problem found after passing the hard breaking and at the beginning of the Fine Breaking episode on the giant screen of ISRO’s office. 

Lander Vikram stops moving. The entire incident was seen on the screen of the ISRO telemetry, tracking and command network center. With Vikram deviating a bit from his planned path first. Then the contact is lost. No communication was possible at this time. And this is how India’s second Chandrayan failed. Scientists of ISRO were stunned. The possible cause of the landing failure is not yet known. But, one day after the incident, Isrodhan said, “We found the location of Vikram Lander on the surface of the moon, orbiting a thermal image of the lander.” However, the lander could not be contacted so far. We’re trying to communicate. Can be contacted very quickly.

Space Shuttle Challenger Disaster

Space Shuttle Challenger

The Space Shuttle Challenger crash is considered as one of the failed missions in space. The crash of the spacecraft took place on 28 January 1986. Only 73 seconds after the flight that day, the space shuttle Challenger was broken into pieces due to mechanical problems. Sadly, seven of its ascending astronauts died. The wreckage of the spacecraft fell off the Atlantic Ocean off the Florida coast of the United States. The accident took place in the eastern region of North America at 11:39 in the morning, 4:39 in the afternoon (UTC). What is your opinion on Space Shuttle Challenger Disaster?

Beagle 2

Beagle 2: Space Shuttle Challenger Disaster

The ‘Beagle-2’ spacecraft sent by the European Space Research Organization was expected to reach Mars on 22 December 2003. The last time it was possible to contact the spacecraft was on December 19, 2003. Then the Earth’s connection with the Beagle-2 vehicle was severed. It reaches Mars in 2003, but only after it has been hit. Beagle-2 never sent a message to the world. The image of the Beagle-2, taken by NASA’s Mars reconnaissance orbiter in 2015, is believed to have been hampered by a fault in its solar panel.

Phobos-Grant

Phobos-Grant: Space Shuttle Challenger Disaster

Phobos-Grant is the name of another failed manned space mission.

The spacecraft was launched from Russia to Mars. The mission was a little more ambitious. Because it was supposed to land on a moon of Mars. It was supposed to collect rock samples and return to earth. Although Phobos-Grant was supposed to reach Mars, Phobos-Grant was able to rise only 345 km from the surface. If this succeeds, it would be the first time that a rock sample has been found in any part of the space other than the earth’s moon.

Schiaparelli (Space Shuttle Disaster)

Schiaparelli

The Shiaparelli mission sent by the European Space Agency is the name of another failed space mission. On October 16, 2016, the space company tried to land a probe on Mars using relatively sophisticated technology in a mix of parachutes and thrusters. However, their plan did not work. The Navajo, built at a cost of $250 million, was separated from the parachute after crossing over 50 million kilometers. The spacecraft crashed into Mars at a speed of 540 km per hour. The European Space Research Organization aims to send a six-wheeled rover to Mars over the next four to five years. 

And before that they started this mission in Europe with the Schiaparelli mission. Everything was going well. In the control room there was joy. Because the journey was seven million kilometers, crossing 10 million kilometers, it was in the orbit of Mars. But the crisis came at a final time. Scientists hoped that Shiaparelli would land exactly as it did. Telemetry data shows that when Shiaparelli was coming down from the surface of Mars, the process of slowing him down and restoring him did not work properly. As a result, the mission failed. But this is not dangerous as like Space Shuttle Challenger Disaster.

Spacecraft Sputnik 2

Spacecraft Sputnik 2

Russia’s first female dog travels in the orbit of the earth. Her name was Laika. Laika was very calm. Everyone was very impressed with his looks and his intelligence. His eye color was black. On November 3, 1957, Laika was sent to space. The dog revolves around the earth four times. During this time a lot of heat was generated in the spacecraft Sputnik 2. After 10 hours, Laika becomes ill in the heat of the sun. Because the temperature control inside the spacecraft was not safe enough. Again it is said that mechanical weakness was also a factor.

So in space, Laika virtually died of heat exhaustion. He was unable to withstand the temperature inside the body rising to more than 41 degrees Celsius. Lika was died within 10 hours of the launch due to excessive pressure and temperature rise. Heat control is thought to have been caused by a mechanical problem. People knew the true cause of Laika’s death decades after the space mission. From this journey, the scientists realized that it is possible for a passenger to survive despite being weightless in a spacecraft orbiting Earth. So even though Laika died, the humanitarian project began.

Failed expeditions to the moon

Pioneer 0
Failed mission to orbit the moon (United States)
Launch: August 17, 1958
This was the first step in the United States as a moon operation. But just 77 seconds after launch, the rocket exploded. (Space Shuttle Challenger Disaster)

Luna 1958A
Failed Mission to the Moon (Soviet Union)
Launch: September 23, 1958
The spacecraft rocket exploded shortly after its launch.

Pioneer 1
Failed mission to orbit the moon (United States)
Launch: October 11, 1958
The rocket failed to detach from its second and third phases immediately after launch, so the spacecraft was not able to perform the lunar mission.

Luna 1958B
Failed Mission to the Moon (Soviet Union)
Launch: October 12, 1958
The spacecraft rocket exploded shortly after its launch.

Pioneer 2
Failed mission to orbit the moon (United States)
Launch: November 8, 1958
Since the rocket failed to ignite in the second stage of the launch, the spacecraft could not reach the moon’s orbit and returned to Earth.

Luna 1958C
Failed Mission to the Moon (Soviet Union)
Launch: December 4, 1958
The rocket went unmanaged in the first step after launch.

Pioneer 3
Failed Asteroid Mission to the Moon (US)
Launch: December 6, 1958
The rocket went off in the first step after launch, causing the spacecraft to collapse.

Ranger 2
Go Earth orbit tester, failed mission (USA)
Launch: November 18, 1961
Two days after launch, the spacecraft burned down the earth’s atmosphere.

Ranger 3
Failed Mission to the Moon (United States)
Launch: January 28, 1962
It was designed to take a very close picture of the moon before landing on the moon. But it fails. (Space Shuttle Challenger Disaster)

Ranger 5
Failed Mission to the Moon (United States)
Launch: October 18, 1962
Shortly after launch, a solar cell was destroyed.

Sputnik 25
Failed Mission to the Moon (Soviet Union)
Launch: January 4, 1963
After a successful launch, it fails to cross the Earth’s orbit and burns down the Earth’s air-layer a day later

Luna 4
Failed Mission to the Moon (Soviet Union)
Launch: April 2, 1963

This was the first mission of Soviet Russia’s second-generation lunar expedition. It is thought that the contact with the temperature was about 8,400 km away from the moon due to problems with the temperature control system.

Luna 5
Failed Mission to the Moon (Soviet Union)
Launch: May 9, 1965
Landing on the Moon: May 12, 1
With this mission, light landing on the surface of the moon is undertaken. It collapses in the Moon’s Sea of Clouds area. (Space Shuttle Challenger Disaster)

Luna 6
Failed Mission to the Moon (Soviet Union)
Launch: June 8, 1965
It leaves the orbit of the moon and goes out.

Luna 7
Failed Mission to the Moon (Soviet Union)
Launch: October 4, 1965
Landing on the Moon: October 7, 1965. It collapses in the area of ​​the Moon’s Ocean of Storms.

Luna 8
Failed Mission to the Moon (Soviet Union)
Launch: December 5, 9
Landing on the Moon: December 5, 9
It collapses in the area of ​​the Moon’s Ocean of Storms.

Surveyor 2
Landing on the Moon Failed (United States)
Launch: September 20, 1966
Moon hits: September 22, 1966
The moon disappears on the surface of the moon shortly before it descends.

Luna 1969A
Failed Mission to the Moon (Soviet Union)
Launch: On February 19, 1969, shortly after launch, the rocket exploded.

Zond 1S-1
Failed missions operating in the orbit of the Moon (Soviet Union)
Launch: February 21, 1969, shortly after launch, the rocket exploded.

Luna 1969B
Failed mission to collect moon samples (Soviet Union)
Launch: April 15, 1969
The rocket exploded while it was on the launch pad.

Luna 18
Failed Mission to the Moon (Soviet Union)
Launch: September 2, 1971
Arriving at the Moon’s orbit: September 7, 1971
At the end of the rotation of the Moon 5 times, it crashed on the Moon. 

Luna 23
Failed mission to collect moon samples (Soviet Union)
Launch: October 28, 1974
It was disturbed when it landed on the moon on November 6, 1974, so no specimen could be collected. (Space Shuttle Challenger Disaster)

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